文章摘要
明清时期皖北流民现象刍议
On the Phenomenon of the Wanbei Migrants in the Ming and Qing Dynasty
投稿时间:2018-11-27  
DOI:10.16018/j.cnki.cn32-1499/c.201902013
中文关键词: 皖北  区域文化  流民  流民文化
英文关键词: wanbei  regional culture  migrating people
基金项目:
作者单位
王智汪 淮北师范大学 历史与社会学院 安徽 淮北 235000 
王仪 周口师范学院 外国语学院, 河南 周口 466000 
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中文摘要:
      流民现象是解开皖北社会的一把钥匙。明清以来,皖北由富饶之域而变成了令人心酸的“十年倒有九年荒”之地,如果从灾荒视角上看,这种变化有自然和人为两重因素。从自然因素来看,人类过度开发与破坏自然环境,以及黄河夺淮入海等原因,使得皖北数百年来备受灾荒洗礼,社会萧条,民生艰窘,成为滋生流民、匪患的“问题”地区。从社会因素来看,封建中央政府以“顾全大局”的名义而有意牺牲这一“局部利益”。可以说,明清皖北流民的产生是自然灾害、人地矛盾、土地兼并、社会环境以及农业经营方式与社会风气等多种因素交织的结果。
英文摘要:
      The phenomenon of the displaced people is a key to unlocking the society in northern Wanbei. Since the Ming and Qing Dynasties, Wubei has become a heart-rending land from the perspective of disaster, this change has both natural and artificial factors. From the perspective of natural factors, human over-exploitation and destruction of the natural environment, as well as the Yellow River's acquisition of the sea, have caused the baptism of the disasters in the past hundreds of years, From the perspective of social factors, the feudal central government intentionally sacrificed this "local interest" in the name of "taking care of the overall situation. " It can be said that the emergence of the emigrants in the Ming and Qing Dynasties, conflicts between people and land, land annexation, social environment, and agricultural management methods.
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