文章摘要
集中连片特困地区精准扶贫效率影响因素分析
Analysis of Factors Affecting Precision Poverty Alleviation Efficiency in Concentrated Areas
投稿时间:2019-02-25  
DOI:10.16018/j.cnki.cn32-1499/c.201902009
中文关键词: 集中连片特困地区  精准扶贫  影响因素
英文关键词: concentrated contiguous areas of poverty  precise poverty alleviation  influencing factors
基金项目:
作者单位
郭宁宁 安徽财经大学 经济学院, 安徽 蚌埠 233030 
钱力 安徽财经大学 经济学院, 安徽 蚌埠 233030 
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中文摘要:
      基于2011—2017年集中连片特困地区相关数据,运用数据包络分析(DEA)模型测算精准扶贫效率,并使用Tobit模型对影响精准扶贫效率的因素进行分析。结果表明:时间上集中连片特困地区精准扶贫效率总体呈不断上升的趋势,但目前整体水平有待提高;空间上大别山区、西藏扶贫效率相对较好。所选取的致贫维度对精准扶贫效率的作用强度从强到低依次为经济发展水平、生产生活水平、生态环境水平、文化教育水平、基础设施水平;在选取的致贫因素指标上,人均生产总值、规模以上工业总产值、粮食总产量、污水处理厂数对精准扶贫效率影响较为显著,体育馆个数、有卫生站(室)的村比重对精准扶贫效率较影响不明显。
英文摘要:
      Based on the relevant data of concentrated contiguous areas in 2011—2017, the data envelopment analysis(DEA)model is used to measure the efficiency of precision poverty alleviation, and the Tobit model is used to analyze the factors affecting the efficiency of precision poverty alleviation. The results show that the efficiency of precision poverty alleviation in the concentrated areas in time is generally rising, but the overall level needs to be improved. The spatially superior mountainous areas and Tibet have relatively good poverty alleviation efficiency; the selected poverty-reducing dimension is accurate for poverty alleviation efficiency. From strength to low, the intensity of action is economic development level, production and living level, ecological environment level, cultural education level, and infrastructure level. In terms of selected indicators of poverty-stricken factors, per capita GDP, total industrial output value above designated size, and total grain output The output and the number of sewage treatment plants have a significant impact on the precision of poverty alleviation. The number of stadiums and the proportion of villages with health stations(rooms)are less obvious for precision poverty alleviation.
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